English] Mitra-Varuna: an essay on two Indo-European representations / Georges Dumezil. Inc. translated by Derek Coltman p.I’ 3-dcI9 BL6. Indo- European. In his work, the late Georges Dumézil, arguably the most important modern mythologist, In effect, Mitra-Varuna presents an archaeology of representations of. Mitra-Varuna by Georges Dumezil, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.

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The Luperci are iuvenes mitrx tris ordinis iuventus: On ullr, see now I. Romulus, then, in direct contrast to the flamen dialis, was a binder and also a flogger, since his escort carries both kinds of weapon and since the lictors of the historical era carried the virga in addition to their fasces.

These are the suryavamsah on the one hand, and the candravamsah or somavamsah on the other.

In Rome their whipping race commemorated the act by which their legendary prototypes ended the sterility of the women carried off by the first king, Romulus. The flamen dialis may not touch or even name a dog Plutarch, Roman Questions, ; the brahman may not read the Vedas when he hears a dog bark Manu, IV nor eat food that has touched a dog, or has come from people who breed dogs ibid. In this way he directed the minds of the Romans toward war.

I liked how it attempted to show the earlier point of views and faiths of ancient Romans and Hindus. Such an investigation is very instructive. In the one instance, divine society alone is involved, and the only properties in question are the benefits, the sacrifices, conferred by worship; in the other, human society is involved, and the properties are jitra of land.

This characteristic could develop, theoretically, in two directions.

Mitra-Varuna: An Essay on Two Indo-European Representations of Sovereignty by Georges Dumézil

There is, on the other hand, a more serious difference, vxruna that totally reverses the import of the two mutilations: That publication contained all the worthwhile results of the first lecture course I was asked to give, under the auspices of Sylvain Levi, at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes in If I am correct, it is likely that Gandharva and Luperci will be characterized by features, by freedoms or obligations, diametrically opposed to the pair – brahman and flamen dialis.


The Tuatha De Danann have just landed in Ireland. By using our website you agree to our use of cookies. Moreover, it is possible that India did have a variant closer to the Western legends, for Mahldhara, in his commentary on the Vajasaneyi Samhita 1,16; p.

Mitra-Varuna: An Essay on Two Indo-European Representations of Sovereignty

Sjoestedt-Jonval, Etudes Celtiques, I,pp. The wolf suspects that this apparently harmless device has been fabricated with guile and trickery gort medh list ok velbut the gods pursue their aim with flattery, then temptation: They also stand opposed like Varuna and Mitra, with whom there is an even more exact correspondence with the Roman couple – with a masculine form of Fides – Jupiter and Dius Fidius.

Analogies will be found – as will differences, of which I can give one important example. Maya rated it really liked it Jul 17, Juniores et Seniores It seems that the Luperci and dumezik flamines were also antithetically differentiated as iuniores and seniores. The important, the irreplaceable thing for the man is to have a true will to sacrifice, and to sacrifice punctiliously whatever has been decided on beforehand by common accord.

Manu, Numa and Manius And now we are touching on a divinity and a type of legend that must have been common among the Latins, since they are met with not only in Rome but also in Aricia. Mtra automatic nature – which inspires Numa with his confidence – is less magical than juridical.

Cite this Email this Add to favourites Print this page. Mihai rated it it was amazing Sep 01, Forms and Function of Exchange in Archaic Societies pp.

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This daughter, Ila, is a figure with whom we are already acquainted. But the question was ddumezil defined: By the late Roman Republic, the Lupercalia – as we know from the attempts undertaken by the early emperors to restore them – had declined in importance.


I hope the reader will also take due note that, in the majority of the areas touched upon, there has been no need for me to reconstruct or to interpret anything whatsoever: Iiultus der Romer, 2nd ed. Mitra-Varuna, a penetrating inquiry into the first of these functions – religious and political sovereignty – is among the first of his t In his work the late Georges Dumezil, arguably the most important modern mythologist, demonstrated that every Indo-European religious and social system was dumeezil according to three primary functions: Mitra and Varuna, linked to form a couple, are both of dumesil gods of the day and gods of the night, and Varuna, even alone, retains a luminous side.

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For others, they denote two distinct mechanisms contemporary with one another but opposed in their mode and point of application. The Luperci, as with the group of men the Gandharva seem to represent in mythic transposition, constitute precisely that one exception.

Indra, the warrior-god, first among his brothers the Marut, leader of a band of heroes, is set here in opposition to Varuna the magician, king of the Gandharva. So much for the ancient writers. Mitra is a very pale figure among the Indians of Vedic times, even though – possibly merely for reasons of rhythm – he figures first in the ordinary term for the dumexil Mitravaruna or, simply, Mitra, in the dual; cf.

Varuna, who has the Gandharva as his people, and Mitra, who is normally associated with the brahman. His kingly dignity having been sullied by the misconduct of his wife, Othinus goes into voluntary exile. The Erinyes, Alekto, Tisiphone, and Magaera were born from the drops of blood that fell.